Oman \ Palestine home poetry
- we talk with him in his office at the University of Filedfia in Amman, and we tired him when we restricting our dialogue in aspects far little or a lot about the aesthetics of creativity in his poetry and criticism, he did not spare us, but seriously what I did not expect , so that was the emotional fluxes and wonderful monetary and political perspectives, and intellectual,
We Pleased to meet him ..... and his kindness, transparency and depth of understanding ..., he healed our souls with hope, and took us to his world through the stations and the issues he had the best knowledge about it; where saluting stations were meeting with no introductions: "What we had only to convey to the reader, the meeting also appeared as an end: this was the interview:
- Are the Palestinian cause able to formed according to the vision that is independent of the surrounding Arab countries so that they can identify the features of this privacy during the term of the Palestinian resistance poetry?
-Do the Palestinian poems was the shade of the Palestinian-resistant stainless do? was the the resistance poem able to play its desired role in the movement of the conflict through poetic product
Palestinians), as my theory in my book (Palestine Canaanite), are an offshoot of the Canaanites, that they (indigenous in Palestine) since civilization Jericho (AZ ninth BC)., and since the (human Caramel), meaning that they did not come up of the Arabian Peninsula), as (the theory of migration), and did not come up from (the island of Crete), as (the theory of the peoples of the sea), but they (the Canaanites indigenous to Palestine). And there (Palestinian migration), has been in the century (19 BC). From Palestine to the Arabian Peninsula, Yemen, the migration of the opposite. This migration, which gave some of the names Canaanite Palestinian places in Yemen and the Arabian Peninsula, but later, at the time of late, Arab tribes have been migration (Lkhm and Tay) to Palestine before and after Islam, and the meaning of all this that (al Canaana racist), is The first element of Palestinian identity, It has been to ignore this element in the beginning after the Islam became, because of the desire of some to hide the (pagan) in a Canaan racist.
Personally, I do not see any contradiction between (Islam and Idolatry): The family (Dari), a pagan Canaanite, then a Christian, then was the first family to declare Islam in Palestine (Naim Dari, and Tamim Dari) in Hebron, by (Book Alinta Sharif) is a true speech, my family (pro), and they are the sons Naim Dari (Bani Naim), who are notaries since the ninth year of migration, at least, they are with (family-Tamimi), and the heirs of the book Alinta Sharif, and this is evil in my interest in (Canaan) in my experience poetry since the mid-sixties.
The most highlighted, an element of resistance, was recognized in the monetary level, since the early eighties, late, and turned into a general phenomenon in the Palestinian poetry since the early nineties, and the reason for my conversion to (Canaan noodles) in the sixties, is I do not want to walk with the concept of direct capillary resistance, adopted by the Israeli Communist Party poets in the north of Palestine: (will fight!). In addition to my rejection of the poems logos, I reject the (ambiguous concept) for the term (poetry resistance)! , For this to have resorted to search for the roots, and I have established a different concept of resistance poetry, which is (lattice Canaan).
Of course, stick to (a Canaan racist), the concept of (Palestine: land and history), because (Canaan), is (the old Arabism).
The second element in the identity of the Palestinian people, is as follows: (Christianity, Islam), because Palestine is the global center of Christianity, (Bethlehem, Nazareth, River Jordan, and Jerusalem).
Thus, the ( Atalhemia Christian) is the foundation of Christianity in the world, Christ Jesus the son of Mary, was born in Bethlehem and lived a hard experience in Jerusalem, and the mentor (John the Baptist), was born in the village of Utah (Yatta current) in Hebron, which was name (vinegar-il), before becoming a Christian name (Hebron).
Then Islam came, to give Palestine (new element) in the identity, at that time , the Arab tribes, existed in Palestine before Islam, so the concept (Arabism)confused with the concept of Islam in the character of the Palestinian people, and was (Canaan), has continued until the fifth century AD, through the language, and he (Christ), speak Aramaic, Canaanite. His Holiness the Islamic Palestine, based on events, is part of Muslim belief: (Covenant age, and Flowers).
The third element of Palestinian identity, is (the language), it was the Palestinian people since (AZ fourth BC.), And even the advent of Islam speak (Canaanite Aramaic), then (Canaanite Syriac), which replaced the Arabic language (Nabatiyeh), and became The fourth element of Palestinian identity, is (Arabism).
The fifth element of Palestinian identity, is (ethnic and religious diversity), and although the majority of sectarianism for the Muslims of Palestine, (the Sunni Shafi'i), but there are some villages in northern Palestine, adjacent to the south of Lebanon, who are from the Shiite sect, there is also (the Muslims Druze).
This pluralism, which is resisted foreign occupations of Palestine since the Romans and even the Israeli occupation, while the sixth element of identity, is (the dictatorship of geography and living together): This is the Palestinian homeland, has a geographic boundaries, since the Kingdom of Palestine in the first century BC. passing through the borders (the Palestinian kingdom of thaher al omer ) in the eighteenth century to the borders of historic Palestine, before 1877, the year of the founding of the first settlement of Israeli-Zionist Jewish (Aptah Tikva) and before 1917 (the Balfour Declaration), the area of Palestine in (1916 ) 50 thousand km 2, the area after is (27 000 km 2), It is the international recognized area .
In this area, the Palestinian people melted in all races and religions into a single component formed the seventh, which is the common culture. Thus, The elements of the Palestinian identity: the Canaan, Christianity and Islam, Arabism, Arabic, pluralism, the dictatorship of Geography, coexistence, and common culture.
The Palestinian nation since Jericho civilization in the ninth millennium BC to the present.
The poem was not away from the expression on the elements of this identity, in the fourteenth century BC the Canaanite Palestine poet was (Talim vinegar Eli) is the Homer of Palestine; emerged as texts (law Canaanite), for the first time, a text, which imitated later (the texts of the Torah) .
Palestinian poetry, and the Palestinian- Israeli conflict, where they stand from each other? :
Since the twenties of the twentieth century, there were the beginnings of (National Poetry), (the Balfour Declaration) in 1917, where the poets focused on the need to resist the British occupation and the Zionist movement, and they made glorifying poems (martyr), and defend (land), and rips the fragmentation in the leadership of the Palestinian national movement's and struggle for positions, and attacked the poets, (agents Earth), they alerted to the Jewish immigration from Europe, America and Russia to Palestine, and other topics: in the first half of the twentieth century nearly fifty poet Palestinians appeared, but the most powerful poetic, they are the triangular Classical famous: (Ibrahim Toukan, Abu Salma, and Abdel Rahim Mahmoud).
Suffice it to one of the three, the poet Abdel Rahim Mahmoud cited, while he resisted the Zionist movement in the (Battle of the tree) in July 1948,
At that time, the conflict was (Arab - Zionist), where the issue of Palestine has the support of Arab and Islamic. poets were not far from their own people in (the revolution of 1929), and (revolution 1936).
the armies of rescue of Arab Palestine Entered in 1948, in the face of Zionist army movement, modern weapons and training, supported by Britain, so cities, towns and villages, fell one after the other; (million Palestinians) been displaced to Lebanon, Syria and Jordan, and others.
The catastrophe (Nakba), but awareness of the danger of Zionism to the intellectuals was early, (Rohy - Khalidi, and Najib Azuri, Najib Nassar, and others), wrote spiritual Khalidi, manuscript (Alsjonsm) in 1912; followed by many books until 1948.
The second phase, (the Catastrophe), where the refugee problem was born in exile, namely, (fracture stage). here We note that the suffering of the Palestinian refugees, became in a (dark).
Palestinians have tried in the harshest phase (1948-1964), the resistance, but they violently suppressed by the Arab regimes, rather, (resistant) were executed, and tarnished reputation in the Arab cover of silence and complicity against the Palestinians.
For this, the historians do not pay attention to this phase of the dark history of the Palestinian Arabs.
In (the 1948 area), which included Galilee and the Triangle and the Negev, and towns west of the occupied city of Hebron, the Israeli occupation in March the most heinous of crimes against the Palestinian citizens, and has fully obscured by the blackout.
The most prominent poets of the catastrophe and the tragedy of the refugees in exile, was: (Harun Hashim Rashid, and Yusuf al-Khatib, and certain Bseiso), who were also resistance poets.
Since (5/28/1964), which is (on the national culture of Palestinians), because it is linked on the establishment of the Palestine Liberation Organization in Jerusalem, led by Ahmed Shukairy,a new parallel capillary Palestinian current (approximately) appeared , for the emergence of the PLO, and the form of this trend of two sections:
1 - The community (poetry resistance) in the Israeli Communist Party in Haifa, including: Mahmoud Darwish, Samih Al-Qasim, and Tawfiq Ziad, and Rashid Hussain (Israel's Mapam party).
2 - (Poets of the Palestinian revolution in exile): Manasrah (Beirut) Ahmed Dahbour (Syria) Mohamed Qaisi (Jordan), and Khaled Abu Khaled (Syria), Murid Barghouti (Cairo), and Mahmoud Darwish joined the revolution (Beirut) since 1973, At the heart of (the siege of Beirut), 1982, there were three poets: (pro - Darwish - Bseiso) and they all belong to the thought of the PLO political thinking, which is the resistance that has prevailed at the stage of the revolution (1964-1994).
Of course, there was a (degrees) in the revolutionary practice of the poets, there are those who bear arms (advocacy, Abu Khaled), and there are those who defended the revolution with his pen.
The poets of the Palestinian resistance in the north, has adopted the (thought-resistant), but through the (ambiguous concepts), most notably the admission of the legitimacy of the (State of Israel), with a protest against the arbitrary practices!!.
- Poet Manasrah:
about your experience poetic self-attendance, the presence of the country chosen art form, how you look at him as a critic? And how you look at your experience as a Palestinian? And how you look at alienation? Can the exile to be the fuel to stoke the experiment or whether it would be an impediment to catch up and I mean the representation of Manasrah as a poet from the poets of resistance?
As for your question about my poetry, and about the presence of inspired teamwork, concern for self in which, the balance between form and content, and can the exiled revolutionary poet, to be the experience of exile fuel temperature of the poem. Will become (Ezz eddine al Manasrah), a poet of resistance and modernity, as distinct because of exile, or because of the (state away from home). about all of these questions, I say:
Issued so far (2010), eleventh book of poems, and issued (18) in a book of literary criticism, history, thought, and I still write.
What I give in these book of poems to modern Arabic poem, many, I made (the cultural Canaanite resistance poem), and (employment inherited), and (Eloquent dialects), and (screenplay poem), (epic poem), scientific research published has been recognized on My experience of poetry.
(twenty books) Issued so far by critics and scholars from various Arab countries about my experience of poetry, but also foreign researchers.
And (eight editions) publications of my poetry work in the Arab countries, these (poetic works) did not issue so far in my hometown of Palestine, because the (power) there, dims almost entirely on (my poetry full), the people did not reach to the collections of the (11), except: (spatial book, does not trust the Cuckoo Bird book) only.
Of course, I have chosen the way (of modernity, and the resistance) together in the poem.
Look first to the (degree of poetic), on its own global terms, I tend to (density) to the extent possible, that is ,my open, global, and not the concept of verbal resistance, (will fight!), Which was popular with (poets of resistance) in the north, Palestinian, (logos poetry)! ! .
There is a difference between (Poetics of Resistance), and between my positions and my struggle for the cases of Palestine, because the poem is a cluster of language, while my positions is the movement of life itself and the relationship between the two is a dialectical relationship.